Blackberries for Russian gardeners - the culture is not familiar. Absolutely unfairly it is overlooked. In taste, in crop yield, it is not inferior to our raspberries. It should be grown in a temperate climate with a warm long summer. In conditions of a sharply continental climate, it will not fully develop due to severe frosts and a hot, dry summer. The maximum winter air temperature for blackberries is 15C.
Blackberry cultivars are mainly bred in the Western Hemisphere. Breeding this fruit for a long time and successfully engaged American gardeners. From there comes information about the appearance of new varieties. The improvement of the available varieties is carried out constantly, as the blackberry in America is grown on an industrial scale.
Characteristics of the blackberry variety Triple Crown
Let's start with the description and characteristics of blackberry. Triple Crown variety - Triple Crown, is one of the most outstanding achievements in the selection of this culture. The variety appeared in 1996 in Oregon, it was tested there. A distinctive feature and advantage of Blackberry Triple Crown is the unique exquisite taste of large beautiful berries and the lack of thorns on the shoots.
The Triple Crown shrubs have an intermediate appearance between the bushes of creeping cultivars of the Columbia Star type and upright plants such as the Black Magic. The plant is booming, has a powerful juicy green leaves. Berries grow in abundant clusters. Culture is of industrial importance, the mass gathering of berries is facilitated by the absence of thorns. The leaves in shape and density are similar to currants. Shoots have a length of up to 3 meters, they are fixed on the trellis, tying to the cross beams. Shoots grow quickly and gain strength. Dense greens ripen ripening fruits from the scorching sun.
Variety does not apply to winter hardiness. Shoots need shelter for the winter. To do this, they are removed from the trellis and laid on the ground, protecting it from frost with a covering material. At the beginning of growth, the bases of the shoots are placed parallel to the ground so that the branches do not break later. In the conditions of central Russia and in Ukraine, during the cold season, the bushes cover with spandbod, and then, additionally cover with film. At the same time, care must be taken not to form diaper rashes and molds on the branches. In its sheltered form, the blackberry can tolerate cold up to -15C.
The ripening period is medium late. In domestic latitudes, the first harvest is ready for harvest in mid-August. It continues until the first October cold. The bushes bear fruit for a long time, and the size and taste of the berries do not change during the period of fruiting. The berries do not shrink and retain a rich great taste.Blackberry Triple Crown Sizes
Description of berries
Blackberry berries Triple Crown have a rounded - elongated shape. Of its fellow - is the largest variety. The color of ripe berries is black, with a blue or burgundy shade. The ripening of fruits in the brush is gradual. It tastes sweet and sour berries with a tart fruit plume. They resemble cherries, cherries in flavor. Harvest can be stored for several days at a temperature of + 5-6C.
This is the highest figure in the yield of dessert varieties. In the hot sun, the berries do not dry out for a long time. But, if the sun bakes for more than one day, the trellis should be applied with a light covering material.
Growing and breeding the Triple Crown
The grade gets accustomed well. It is immune to diseases and pests.
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Site selection and soil preparation
To get a full harvest, you need to choose the right place for planting a bush. If it is a sunny plot, the berry will be large and sweet. It will ripen sooner and faster. If you plant a blackberry in the shade, the fruit will taste sour and the berries will be smaller.
Conclusion - the blackberry loves heat and light. The soil is unpretentious berry. Its homeland is America, where there is little black soil. Good yields can be achieved in loamy soil with alkali content. If the soil is acidic, it should be fertilized with wood ash or fluff. The soil should be light and good to pass moisture.
The root system during this time grows significantly. Placing a seedling in the ground, it is necessary to provide for this, and to make a hole as for a tree seedling. The size of the notch is at least 60 cm in diameter. To fill it, you need to mix the excavated soil with 20 kg of humus and three glasses of wood ash. Divide the mixture in half.
To one part of the substrate, add 75 g of mineral fertilizers and put it on the bottom of the pit. At first, the thin roots of the plants should not come into contact with mineral additives. The second part of the cooked earth poured on top.Triple Crown Shrubs
The ground in the hole should be poured with a mound and spread over its surface the roots of the seedling. Then sprinkle them evenly with humus, but so that the root neck is almost on the surface of the earth. Soil around the bush ramming and pour warm water. After disembarkation, the shoot must be cut to the level of 8-10 cm from the ground. From drying out, the soil around the seedling is mulched with sawdust or humus.
It is necessary to plant a new plant in the spring, when there is enough heat and light for the development of green mass and shoots. If the landing time is autumn, then the young escape must be covered with a double spanbond.
The distance between plantings should be at least 1.5-2 m. Blackberry shoots develop rapidly and grow. Gradually, the series can turn into impassable jungle. Therefore, the distance between the bushes should be sufficient. It is advisable to plant blackberries along the fence, which would serve as its support. Gradually formed a hedge.
- Weeding and loosening the soil under a bush should be carried out at first. After rooting the escape should not disturb the earth. Overgrown roots, when damaged, can produce shoots that thicken the okolostvolny circle.
- Blackberries can fully grow without frequent watering. It is necessary during the setting and ripening of berries in June and September. It is enough to water the bushes once a week if there is no rain.
- Blackberry Triple Crown shoots need support. They are fixed on a trellis with a height of 2 m. For this, a wire with a diameter of 2-3 mm is pulled parallel to the ground at a height of 50, 100, 150 cm. As the shoots grow, they twist around the wire and fix it. When the shoot reaches the height of the last tier, the top is cut. After this procedure, the lateral branches begin to actively develop.
The shoots of the next year will develop in the lower tier all summer.
- After harvesting, old and excess shoots are cut. In spring, this procedure can be supplemented by removing frozen or broken branches. On the bush 5-6 healthy shoots are left.
Blackberries are an unpretentious crop, but the intensive growth of shoots and abundant fruiting depletes the strength of the plant. They are reduced by adding saltpeter or urea once in spring. You can replace these fertilizers with organic matter - mullein or diluted chicken manure.
Once every 2-3 years, the soil around the bush is fed with a mixture of humus, potassium and superphosphate.Ready-to-harvest blackberry berries Triple Crown
Bearing blackberry is propagated by rooting tops and cuttings.
Cuttings cut out from the excess remote shoots. Reproduction by the tips is carried out as follows - the upper part of the one-year-old shoot is removed, the leaflets are torn off and sprinkled with earth to a depth of 10 cm.
To escape not "popped", it is fixed in the ground with a pin. This place is abundantly watered. Do it in the spring. By the end of the summer, the cuttings take root. It does not need to be separated from the bush until spring. At the beginning of the next growing season, the "baby" is cut off and planted in a new place.
About diseases and pests
Blackberry Triple Crown is disease resistant and unpretentious. But like raspberries, it can be affected by fungus or bacteria. Here are some of them:
- Septoria - Damage to the kidneys and shoots. The color of the bark changes, it cracks, the diseased kidneys disappear. Berries do not develop, do not ripen.
- Fragmidium Rubi Mushroom - rust on the leaves. The leaves are covered with a cluster of yellow spores. They rapidly spread and seize the plant. Disputes ripen with black dots on shoots and buds.
Early treatment will help stop these diseases. To do this, use the infusion of milkweed or garlic. Chop 300 g of garlic or herbs and pour 3 liters of warm water. Insist 24 hours. Then the infusion of strain, dilute with water 1:20 and process the entire plant.
Triple Crown - one of the best representatives of its class. In any garden area, it will be not only a source of tasty and healthy berries, but also an ornament. Lush green trellis can be a beautiful hedge or gazebo.
Fresh berries ripen gradually, they can feast on the very cold. Surpluses of an exotic product for our latitudes sell well on the market.
Blackberry Triple Crown has no flaws. It is exceptionally good for breeding by amateur gardeners.